Items 3, 4, 8, 9 and 14: Re-elect the Audit Committee and Re-appoint the Auditors
The auditor's tenure exceeds our tenure limit of 10 years. PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (PwC) has been the external auditor for the Company since 1996, when they were appointed following the last audit tender.
Furthermore, we hold the Audit Committee responsible for the excessive tenure of the auditors. Accordingly, we recommend that shareholders oppose the re-election of the members of the Audit Committee and the re-appointment of the auditors.
Item 13: Approve the Remuneration Report
The structure is unsatisfactory, mostly due to the potential for excessive incentive pay and an annual bonus that exceeds guidelines. The pension contributions have been reduced as the CEO has reached the cap on his defined benefit plan, which brings the annual contributions within ECGS guidelines. The performance conditions of the share plans (LTI) no longer overlap and the annual bonus (STI) no longer uses EPS as a peformance condition. The quantum for the year was not excessive. On balance, we recommend shareholders vote in favor.
Pearson is engaged as a learning company. Co. provides content, assessment and digital services to schools, colleges and universities, as well as professional and vocational education to learners to help increase their skills and employability prospects. Co.'s content includes: Bug Club, a school phonics reading programme for children; and enVisionMATH2:0, a maths curriculum. Co.'s assessment includes its U.K. qualifications, which is an awarding body, offering both academic and vocational qualifications. Co.'s services include its online programme management, which partner with colleges and universities to extend the reach of their degree programmes by scaling online.
Founded in 1995, Proxinvest is an independent proxy firm supporting the engagement and proxy analysis processes of investors. Proxinvest mission is to analyse corporate governance practices and resolutions proposed at general meetings of listed firms.
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Proxinvest has been a pioneer and champion of good corporate governance and has grown into a recognised expert in the field.
Proxinvest is independently-owned and only works for investors : Proxinvest does not provide consulting services to the companies it covers, mitigating related risks to its clients and ensuring the independence of our analysis. As a result Proxinvest is able to take a robust, independent, engaged and unconflicted view of the companies in which our clients invest.
As Managing Partner of Expert Corprate Governance Service Ltd (ECGS), Proxinvest has built a large network of corporate governance experts to support clients in corporate governance analysis worldwide.
Narrow-moat Pearson produced a set of first-quarter numbers slightly above our full-year expectations with underlying revenue growth of 2%. But with the big selling period coming later in the year--at least, for North American higher education--there is the potential for further twists and turns in the story. As such, we maintain our forecasts and GBX 880 fair value estimate. We believe the shares are currently up with events. Divisionally, growth was not quite in the pattern we expected. North America, which in higher education is still struggling with the dual headwinds of lower college enr...
Narrow-moat Pearson produced a set of first-quarter numbers slightly above our full-year expectations with underlying revenue growth of 2%. But with the big selling period coming later in the year--at least, for North American higher education--there is the potential for further twists and turns in the story. As such, we maintain our forecasts and GBX 880 fair value estimate. We believe the shares are currently up with events. Divisionally, growth was not quite in the pattern we expected. North ...
Over the past few years, Pearson has experienced almost the perfect storm of negative events: declining university enrolments, an uptick in rental in the higher education courseware market, a loss of testing contracts in the United States, a slowdown in emerging markets, and benign growth in K-12 educational spending. This caused the share price to crater in 2017.Pearson now finds itself at a crucial juncture. Having shed predictable but declining publishing businesses such as the FT and The Economist, Pearson’s portfolio is now focused on the educational sector. As digital learning slowly rep...
L'ensemble des rémunérations des dirigeants mandataires sociaux font l'objet des résolutions 6 à 11. La particularité d'Infotel est de présenter des politiques de rémunération ne comportant aucune part variable. Cette spécificité n'est pas en accord avec notre politique de vote. Toutefois, les mandataires sociaux dirigeants sont tous actionnaires à au moins 1,99% du capital et les montants sont raisonnables, ce qui atténue nos réserves et permet des recommandations positives. Les caractéristiques du conseil d'administration ne répondent pas à nos attentes en matière de gouvernance puisqu'il e...
Suite au transfert des titres de la Société sur Euronext Growth le 6 août 2018, la Société n’a plus d’obligation de se référer au Code de Gouvernance MIDDLENEXT auquel elle se référait depuis 2010 pour l’élaboration du rapport du Président sur le gouvernement d’entreprise, le contrôle interne et la gestion des risques prévu à l’article 225-37 du Code de Commerce et relatif à l’exercice clos le 31 décembre 2009. La société ne précise pas à quel code elle se réfère. Proxinvest avait déjà souligné l’année précédente que ce changement vers un marché moins règlementé était regrettable ; communicati...
Proxinvest veut attirer l'attentions sur quelques points majeures: D'une part, nous félicitons la Société pour la modification statutaire visant à réduire la durée du mandat des membres du Conseil de Surveillance de 6 à 3 ans. D'autre part, nous regrettons les montants des membres du Directoire (en cours) qui sont trop élevés par rapport à la médiane des rémunérations totales des dirigeants de leur indice. Enfin, nous encourageons la Société à améliorer le taux d'indépendance du Conseil, qui est pour le moment de seulement 25%.
Le conseil présente une majorité de membres non libres de conflits d'intérêts d’après Proxinvest à cause surtout de l’ancienneté des administrateurs qui dépasse notre seuil de 11 ans. Il est présidé par le Directeur général. Par ailleurs, les mandats d'une durée de 6 ans semblent trop longs car ils ne permettent pas aux actionnaires de se prononcer assez fréquemment sur la composition du conseil. Les différentes autorisations financières ne respectent pas la politique de vote de Proxinvest en termes de montants mais également en raison de leur possible utilisation en période d'offre publique. ...
ITEM 10: Benoit Bazin was designated Deputy CEO as of 1 January 2019. The company proposes therefore to approve its 2019 remuneration policy, as well as its post-employments benefits. Overall, his remuneration policy structure is more in line with our recommendations and amounts at stake are more moderate than the CEO’s. Thus we support it. Regarding his post-employments benefits, his severance indemnity and non-compete clause do not respect our Guidelines. However, his supplementary pension plan does. Thus, we support Item 12.
GOVERNANCE On 1 June 2018, Laurent Mignon left his position as Chief Executive Officer to become Chairman of the Management Board of BPCE, Natixis' main shareholder with 71% of the capital. He succeeded François Pérol as Chairman of the Board of Directors of Natixis and François Riahi became the new Chief Executive Officer. The Board remains composed of a majority of members who are not free of potential conflicts of interest, which makes it impossible to support most of the many co-optations and renewals proposed (resolutions 12 to 22). REMUNERATION Due to changes in governance, in a...
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